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[辯論] 陸資來台設點對台灣的國際形象有負面影響

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發表於 2009-8-3 00:20:29 | 顯示全部樓層 |閱讀模式
陸資登台紛出招 搶最後布局
中時電子報╱白德華/北京專題報導 2009-07-22 03:14

六月底台灣宣布開放陸資入台後,大陸不少企業緊鑼密鼓準備,包括台灣的人力銀行,近期也在大陸成立陸資駐台項目顧問。陸企準備「登台」,有些是來台找據點成立分公司,有些是尋找合作夥伴投資經營,有些是找代理,有些則是尋求兩岸合作參展,不一而足。但共同點為,多半是大企業,把台灣視為完整布局的最後一著棋。

兩岸關係好轉,新現象不斷出現,其中影響最大者當屬陸資來台了。從七月台灣開始受理申請迄今,南航、海航及廈航都已完成遞件申請。
遞件前,大陸商務部規定,陸資企業需先經商務部及外管局對企業及其資金審批,通過後才能申請赴台投資。

事實上,陸資來台法規通過前半年,大陸國台辦、商務部、外管局、發改委諸多單位,已針對陸資入台召開多次會議。也因此,去年九月國台辦主任王毅宣布「響應愛台十二建設、鼓勵優質陸資赴台投資」後,去年底王毅在上海第四屆兩岸經貿論壇,再次表明鼓勵陸資入台,到今年五月福建召開「海峽論壇」前夕,大陸才敲定陸資入台主要方案。

這一方案,就是王毅在「海峽論壇」上宣布的鼓勵優質企業入台投資。被選入第一波入台投資的主要產業包括電子、通訊、生物醫藥、海洋運輸、公共建設、商貿流通、紡織、機械及汽車製造業。換句話說,只要符合優先入台投資的產業,都可獲北京有關部門的「扶持」,甚至給予稅費上減免優惠。
目前,在台設點投資的大型陸企已十餘家,包括聯想、天獅集團、東航、南海、廈航、國航、海航、上航等;今年五月十一日,「中國中鋼」在義聯集團總部宣布,八月將在台北設立辦事處,正式成立「中國金貿有限公司」。

上海聯泰投資諮詢公司董事長王泰允認為,主要是看陸資來台心態而定,比如航空公司是因應兩岸直航,不得不設,但有些就不真是看重台灣市場,而是「政治操作」。

王泰允不點名地說,「政治操作有很多種,例如北京希望某企業到台灣投資、台灣當局希望他們過來,或者企業本身認為就是要到台灣設據點,卻不了解台灣市場大不大,有沒獲利空間。」

全國台企聯會長張漢文認為,面對陸資來台還有許多方面要觀察,但就他所知,是有不少陸資想到台灣先考察。七一後,大陸不少地方政府官員也鼓勵地方有實力的大型企業申請赴台投資,其中,福建、廣東表現都很積極。

以福建來說,不久前組建完成的「海峽快捷走廊」項目,經營福州江陰港至台北港的水上快速客貨航運項目,由福建江陰港方面與台灣合資,預料近期會有新動作;早在上月通過廈門外管局「境外投資外匯資金來源審查」的廈門東華海天流行面料工程公司,也已準備赴台成立「東華海天台灣有限公司」。

此外,上月隨福州市政協團赴台的「大紅袍」銷售大家「福建星願茶葉有限公司」,董事長何心一已在台中耗資一億四千萬台幣購買門市店面,準備年底前打造旗艦店,並在台北、台南開四家專賣店。

福州外管局也審批通過了「新大陸計算機公司」入台案,這家深圳A股上市公司已稍早斥資廿八萬歐元收購一家荷蘭公司在台子公司過半股權,預料已通過商務部的審批。隨著大陸市場做大,企業「走出去」向外擴張已成趨勢。

但在陸資真正入台前夕,一○四人力銀行(中國)陸資駐台項目顧問黃穎建議,由於地域和文化雙重差異,當陸資遭遇上台灣人才時,雙方必然經過一場類似「兩岸(兩會)會談」的過程。「不管怎說,陸企有市場和資本優勢,台灣有人才管理及技術優勢,雙方合作必然有相乘效果。」
正方觀點 (184)

陸資來台雖然能促進就業機會,但長期來看,可能會嚴重傷及台灣的國際形象..打個比方,大陸航空公司的網站,每家的航線圖都把台灣歸類為國內線,而且在台設立的網站也都稱咱為中國台灣.中共想騙自己人沒關係,可是隨著大陸企業的國際化,外國人也會無意識的受到種宣傳手法的薰陶...每年去大陸的外國觀光客比來台灣的多太多,如果大陸能逤造出''兩岸樣樣都通..如同一國"的假象,外國人沒理由不信..反正感覺就跟港澳一樣...

反方觀點 (108)

想太多了...現在失業率那麼高,哪管的了薪水從哪來...陸資跟外資沒差別...咱馬總統說過經濟議題與政治無關.

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      發表於 2009-8-3 20:37:52 | 顯示全部樓層
      都知道大陸企業國際化
      也知道他們的大學在世界的排名比台灣好
      台灣人能假裝看不見?
      還在唱歷史的傷口阿...什麼年代了喔
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       樓主| 發表於 2009-8-3 21:20:48 | 顯示全部樓層
      RE: 萊恩
      國際化有很多定義...中共為了讓本地公司快速發展所以規定外資如果想進入大陸市場就必須與當地企業合作...如此一來這些大陸企業就能從外資得到新的技術與管理方法...這就是所謂的國際化...可是別忘了...能上得了台面的大陸企業基本上都是國企.
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      發表於 2009-8-4 00:31:56 | 顯示全部樓層
      我們的不也一樣~
      中鋼~中油~中船
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       樓主| 發表於 2009-8-6 11:28:26 | 顯示全部樓層

      Private equity funds in Taiwan bank on China interest

      By Lee Chyen Yee and George Chen - Analysis

      TAIPEI/HONG KONG (Reuters) - Global private equity funds have found a window of opportunity to invest in Taiwan's financial sector, making acquisitions with the hope of turning a profit when the market opens to China Inc in the years to come.

      "It's a matter of catching the right wave," said Kenneth Zhou, a M&A lawyer with U.S. firm Wilmer Cutler in Beijing.

      "Private equity firms can make considerable profits if they pick one or two (Taiwanese financial) firms, stick to it for a couple of years and then sell it off to a Chinese corporates when the time is ripe." 思慕基金如果現在下手收購一兩家具規模的台灣金融機構, 並在幾年後轉賣給大陸公司, 那利潤將相當可觀.

      The theory is that with warming ties between Taiwan and China and Taiwan's easing of restrictions to allow Chinese investments in sectors, such as transportation and tourism, Chinese ownership of financial institutions is merely a matter of time.

      Analysts say Chinese companies will want a stake in everything in Taiwan both for business and political reasons.  據市場分析師的判斷, 大陸企業投資台灣除了為了拓展市場外其實還有政治原因.

      "There will be some political considerations (for Chinese banks to come to Taiwan)," said Jonathan Lee, an analyst at Fitch Ratings. "Otherwise, this is probably the least profitable (banking) market in the world, so why will they invest?" 陸資銀行登台有一定的政治考量...要不然, 台灣的銀行業有可能是全世界最不賺錢的市場, 明知如此幹嘛還硬是要登台...

      Second-tier banks such as SinoPac (2890.TW) with sound financial books and good growth potential could be next in line in the wake the widely watched sale of AIG's (AIG.N) Taiwan insurance unit, Nan Shan.

      The Nan Shan deal, likely to be worth over $2 billion, is seen as a valuation benchmark and could help expedite similar deals by other funds like Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co KKR.UL in Taiwan with capital markets recover quickly.

      Over the past two years, some private equity firms have spent hundreds of millions of dollars to buy controlling stakes in Taiwanese banks in order to gain a board seat in the hope of improving management expertise.

      TPG Capital TPG.UL has already invested in Taishin (2887.TW), Taiwan's No. 3 financial firm, and analysts said they would be looking at good opportunities to sell their stakes in coming years.

      They said it would take at least months, if not a year or two, before Taiwan allowed Chinese companies to buy into Taiwan's financial firms.

      BUYERS BEWARE

      But the buy-now-sell-later-to-China-Inc strategy is not without its risks.

      Analysts said private equity firms will have to choose their acquisition targets carefully, especially after some bought beleaguered banks with little market share over the past two years and are facing difficulties exiting those investments.

      Cosmos (2837.TW) and EnTie (2849.TW), invested by SAC Capital and Longreach respectively, have been posting losses over the past few quarters, and are widely seen in the industry as unsuccessful deals.

      Stiff competition in Taiwan's overcrowded banking industry, now Asia's fourth-largest with nearly 40 banks serving just 23 million people, could also deter some private equity from entering the market quickly.

      In terms of price-to-book ratios, Taiwan banks generally fare lower than Hong Kong's, though they are higher than South Korea's.

      "It can't be state-owned financial companies too because that might have to go through complex legislative approval," one analyst said, naming Chinatrust (2891.TW), Fubon (2881.TW) and SinoPac as likely targets for private equity investments.

      Already potential Chinese investors have been sighted.

      Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (601398.SS) (1398.HK), the world's largest bank by market value, and China Merchants Bank (600036.SS) (3968.HK) are keen on Taiwan, Asia's fourth-largest insurance market and No. 3 in wealth management.

      China's Merchants Bank and Shanghai Pudong Development Bank (600000.SS) are eager to offer wealth management services to Taiwan customers through new branches or acquisitions of local players, analysts said.

      "Wealth management might not be the main money spinner for Taiwan banks now, but it's definitely a factor for consideration," said another banking analyst in Taipei. (Editing by Valerie Lee)

      大家都知道大陸投資台灣背後的用意...oh well, 偉大的馬總統說經濟跟政治無關..就沒關係唄...
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